El debate sobre la naturaleza de los sustantivos verbales en las lenguas eslavas: ¿nominales o verbales?




Palabras clave:

Categoría de aspecto, naturaleza nominal, formante reflexivo, lenguas eslavas, naturaleza verbal, sustantivos verbales.


El artículo define el estatus de los sustantivos verbales en la lingüística eslava, centrándose en particular en el diverso aparato terminológico de cada una de las lenguas eslavas y determinando su naturaleza verbal o nominal. La naturaleza verbal de tales construcciones se analiza basándose en los siguientes rasgos: naturaleza regular y sistémica de la formación; correlación aspectual conservada; construcciones con el agente en el caso instrumental, que son características de la voz pasiva; formantes reflexivos conservados; acciones incontables expresadas, lo que imposibilita el uso de una forma plural; categorías expresadas de transitividad/intransitividad y categorías anuladas de tiempo, modo y persona. Se subraya que la productividad del uso de estas formas en las lenguas eslavas depende de la naturaleza nominal (ruso, polaco) o verbal (ucraniano, eslovaco) de la lengua. El artículo también analiza el uso de sustantivos verbales reflexivos en textos modernos.

Biografía del autor/a

Nataliia Shcherbii, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Oleksii Vorobets, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Dariia Mytsan, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Oksana Korpalo, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Nataliia Kuravska, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.


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Cómo citar

Shcherbii, N. ., Vorobets, O., Mytsan, D., Korpalo, O., & Kuravska, N. (2024). El debate sobre la naturaleza de los sustantivos verbales en las lenguas eslavas: ¿nominales o verbales?. Revista Eduweb, 18(2), 238–250. https://doi.org/10.46502/issn.1856-7576/2024.18.02.17